CEDEL2: Corpus Escrito del Español L2 (version 2)

CEDEL2 (v2)

v2.0
Sept. 2020

Statistics

Subcorpus Words Grammatical elements Documents
Learners of L2 Spanish 744,950 851,675 3,034
Natives 360,986 390,293 1,365
Total 1,105,936 1,241,968 4,399

Learners of L2 Spanish

Words

Sex
Words Documents
Female 552,511 2,210
Male 192,439 824
Medium
Words Documents
Written 737,398 3,007
Spoken 7,552 27
L1
Words Documents
Arabic 9,118 74
English 558,731 1,931
Chinese 4,373 22
Dutch 9,069 60
French 8,136 58
German 16,164 82
Greek 64,105 216
Italian 14,426 83
Japanese 23,049 243
Portuguese 21,662 164
Russian 16,117 101
L1 and medium
Words Documents
Arabic Written 9,118 74
Chinese Spoken 847 2
Chinese Written 3,526 20
Dutch Written 9,069 60
English Spoken 6,705 25
English Written 552,026 1,906
French Written 8,136 58
German Written 16,164 82
Greek Written 64,105 216
Italian Written 14,426 83
Japanese Written 23,049 243
Portuguese Written 21,662 164
Russian Written 16,117 101
Proficiency level
Words Documents
Lower beginner 10,907 93
Upper beginner 66,561 529
Lower intermediate 103,512 548
Upper intermediate 176,933 679
Lower advanced 234,043 764
Upper advanced 152,994 421
Task title
Words Documents
1. Region where you live 123,763 457
2. Famous person 45,477 262
3. Film 49,000 133
4. Last year holidays 106,812 306
5. Future plans 73,502 237
6. Recent trip 77,481 206
7. An experience 22,496 56
8. Terrorism 5,885 19
9. Anti-smoking law 14,496 36
10. Gay couples 35,241 81
11. Marijuana legalization 6,793 19
12. Immigration 13,594 32
13. Frog 20,298 150
14. Chaplin 150,112 1,040
Years studying Spanish
Words Documents
0-4 337,973 1,741
5-9 293,736 953
10-14 67,327 199
15-19 17,205 48
20-24 9,655 29
25-29 5,494 15
30-34 1,720 6
35-39 301 2
40-44 307 2
45-49 389 1
55-59 824 2
65-69 460 1
Unknown 9,559 35
Stay abroad (months)
Words Documents
0-4 534,537 2,422
5-9 65,123 194
10-14 37,785 118
15-19 13,634 32
20-24 12,815 39
25-29 3,562 10
30-34 4,155 12
35-39 7,347 19
40-44 1,270 4
45-49 5,324 14
50-54 1,022 2
60-64 4,533 14
65-69 908 2
70-74 1,543 4
75-79 270 1
80-84 1,231 3
95-99 3,343 9
100-104 291 2
105-109 339 1
120-124 4,172 10
140-144 505 1
150-154 2,430 6
155-159 1,029 2
180-184 543 1
200-204 1,883 4
225-229 657 2
240-244 252 1
300-304 662 1
360-364 541 1
Unknown 33,244 103
Age of exposure to Spanish
Words Documents
0-4 19,411 78
5-9 32,604 114
10-14 306,095 1,121
15-19 230,540 1,105
20-24 64,920 293
25-29 27,180 93
30-34 14,740 58
35-39 10,783 38
40-44 10,803 41
45-49 6,087 25
50-54 10,163 29
55-59 5,223 19
60-64 4,208 14
65-69 1,982 5
70-74 211 1
Placement test score (%)
Words Documents
5-9 260 3
10-14 81 1
15-19 443 5
20-24 2,839 20
25-29 7,284 64
30-34 10,045 85
35-39 16,318 140
40-44 30,797 234
45-49 23,147 150
50-54 23,045 150
55-59 26,363 124
60-64 22,753 117
65-69 36,499 161
70-74 69,639 273
75-79 56,775 205
80-84 65,544 232
85-89 97,592 321
90-94 102,532 328
95-100 152,994 421
Age
Words Documents
13 1,443 5
14 6,599 42
15 14,075 84
16 19,499 110
17 25,227 109
18 63,173 235
19 79,588 365
20 104,566 510
21 79,249 340
22 44,203 190
23 32,250 136
24 16,827 71
25 18,315 68
26 16,471 63
27 14,606 44
28 13,887 41
29 8,449 34
30 13,228 41
31 8,109 25
32 11,396 31
33 8,406 27
34 5,588 26
35 6,684 20
36 5,833 17
37 7,831 24
38 4,155 15
39 6,694 19
40 7,541 23
41 2,591 10
42 5,810 19
43 5,731 20
44 4,697 17
45 2,835 12
46 1,813 8
47 4,529 16
48 4,819 14
49 4,596 16
50 3,312 13
51 2,857 8
52 4,619 12
53 5,030 14
54 3,062 9
55 3,679 11
56 3,748 11
57 5,601 14
58 4,847 15
59 4,021 14
60 1,532 5
61 1,829 5
62 2,212 7
63 1,654 4
64 420 1
65 3,928 9
66 3,601 7
67 486 3
68 277 1
69 460 1
70 1,126 3
71 101 1
72 1,610 5
73 211 1
74 987 3
75 762 2
76 68 1
77 238 1
81 533 1
88 488 1
Unknown 338 4

Grammatical elements

Sex
Grammatical elements Documents
Female 631,721 2,210
Male 219,954 824
Medium
Grammatical elements Documents
Written 843,933 3,007
Spoken 7,742 27
L1
Grammatical elements Documents
Arabic 10,457 74
English 639,419 1,931
Chinese 5,025 22
Dutch 10,577 60
French 9,314 58
German 18,307 82
Greek 72,620 216
Italian 16,384 83
Japanese 26,825 243
Portuguese 24,246 164
Russian 18,501 101
L1 and medium
Grammatical elements Documents
Arabic Written 10,457 74
Chinese Spoken 880 2
Chinese Written 4,145 20
Dutch Written 10,577 60
English Spoken 6,862 25
English Written 632,557 1,906
French Written 9,314 58
German Written 18,307 82
Greek Written 72,620 216
Italian Written 16,384 83
Japanese Written 26,825 243
Portuguese Written 24,246 164
Russian Written 18,501 101
Proficiency level
Grammatical elements Documents
Lower beginner 12,855 93
Upper beginner 78,037 529
Lower intermediate 118,488 548
Upper intermediate 201,625 679
Lower advanced 266,485 764
Upper advanced 174,185 421
Task title
Grammatical elements Documents
1. Region where you live 143,275 457
2. Famous person 52,553 262
3. Film 55,992 133
4. Last year holidays 122,478 306
5. Future plans 83,544 237
6. Recent trip 88,582 206
7. An experience 25,633 56
8. Terrorism 6,666 19
9. Anti-smoking law 16,233 36
10. Gay couples 39,497 81
11. Marijuana legalization 7,663 19
12. Immigration 15,373 32
13. Frog 23,468 150
14. Chaplin 170,718 1,040
Years studying Spanish
Grammatical elements Documents
0-4 388,288 1,741
5-9 334,448 953
10-14 76,390 199
15-19 19,729 48
20-24 10,987 29
25-29 6,261 15
30-34 1,989 6
35-39 345 2
40-44 370 2
45-49 453 1
55-59 919 2
65-69 542 1
Unknown 10,954 35
Stay abroad (months)
Grammatical elements Documents
0-4 612,696 2,422
5-9 74,014 194
10-14 42,885 118
15-19 15,469 32
20-24 14,635 39
25-29 3,994 10
30-34 4,790 12
35-39 8,359 19
40-44 1,365 4
45-49 6,081 14
50-54 1,114 2
60-64 5,210 14
65-69 1,040 2
70-74 1,783 4
75-79 301 1
80-84 1,410 3
95-99 3,773 9
100-104 328 2
105-109 399 1
120-124 4,774 10
140-144 575 1
150-154 2,739 6
155-159 1,135 2
180-184 587 1
200-204 2,197 4
225-229 784 2
240-244 299 1
300-304 736 1
360-364 587 1
Unknown 37,616 103
Age of exposure to Spanish
Grammatical elements Documents
0-4 21,977 78
5-9 37,316 114
10-14 350,234 1,121
15-19 263,391 1,105
20-24 74,463 293
25-29 31,032 93
30-34 16,879 58
35-39 12,392 38
40-44 12,390 41
45-49 6,861 25
50-54 11,510 29
55-59 6,014 19
60-64 4,761 14
65-69 2,224 5
70-74 231 1
Placement test score (%)
Grammatical elements Documents
5-9 304 3
10-14 101 1
15-19 530 5
20-24 3,334 20
25-29 8,586 64
30-34 11,780 85
35-39 19,272 140
40-44 36,008 234
45-49 26,972 150
50-54 26,507 150
55-59 30,191 124
60-64 25,880 117
65-69 41,515 161
70-74 79,340 273
75-79 64,486 205
80-84 74,972 232
85-89 111,397 321
90-94 116,315 328
95-100 174,185 421
Age
Grammatical elements Documents
13 1,725 5
14 7,690 42
15 16,753 84
16 22,614 110
17 29,087 109
18 72,076 235
19 91,124 365
20 119,098 510
21 90,181 340
22 50,365 190
23 36,969 136
24 18,927 71
25 20,991 68
26 18,778 63
27 16,727 44
28 15,842 41
29 9,629 34
30 15,126 41
31 9,335 25
32 13,099 31
33 9,546 27
34 6,387 26
35 7,632 20
36 6,708 17
37 8,821 24
38 4,746 15
39 7,655 19
40 8,551 23
41 2,962 10
42 6,686 19
43 6,599 20
44 5,377 17
45 3,253 12
46 2,062 8
47 5,163 16
48 5,577 14
49 5,266 16
50 3,873 13
51 3,225 8
52 5,254 12
53 5,647 14
54 3,510 9
55 4,205 11
56 4,248 11
57 6,446 14
58 5,526 15
59 4,664 14
60 1,732 5
61 2,114 5
62 2,506 7
63 1,890 4
64 488 1
65 4,499 9
66 3,995 7
67 554 3
68 313 1
69 517 1
70 1,243 3
71 116 1
72 1,816 5
73 231 1
74 1,124 3
75 876 2
76 82 1
77 265 1
81 611 1
88 587 1
Unknown 391 4

Natives

Words

Sex
Words Documents
Female 263,485 1,014
Male 97,501 351
Medium
Words Documents
Written 330,614 1,281
Spoken 30,372 84
L1
Words Documents
Arabic 1,465 6
English 40,805 172
Greek 2,031 12
Japanese 9,126 47
Portuguese 3,348 16
Spanish 304,211 1,112
L1 and medium
Words Documents
Arabic Written 1,465 6
English Spoken 8,646 23
English Written 32,159 149
Greek Written 2,031 12
Japanese Written 9,126 47
Portuguese Written 3,348 16
Spanish Spoken 21,726 61
Spanish Written 282,485 1,051
Task title
Words Documents
1. Region where you live 31,639 122
2. Famous person 5,641 23
3. Film 42,619 165
4. Last year holidays 24,148 90
5. Future plans 24,844 95
6. Recent trip 39,188 124
7. An experience 17,960 52
8. Terrorism 4,398 13
9. Anti-smoking law 10,782 42
10. Gay couples 17,946 57
11. Marijuana legalization 7,932 26
12. Immigration 10,476 29
13. Frog 36,907 178
14. Chaplin 86,506 349
Age
Words Documents
14 117 1
15 2,859 10
16 1,111 4
17 1,979 8
18 11,860 49
19 19,591 89
20 20,834 91
21 34,776 137
22 19,704 81
23 19,309 77
24 17,283 59
25 17,269 57
26 17,440 59
27 15,459 49
28 10,906 34
29 7,873 28
30 11,518 45
31 7,091 26
32 10,454 36
33 7,825 31
34 7,222 27
35 7,257 25
36 3,670 12
37 5,290 22
38 4,483 18
39 4,040 16
40 8,568 29
41 2,138 12
42 5,269 22
43 4,973 18
44 4,333 16
45 6,330 21
46 2,967 13
47 1,989 9
48 4,557 18
49 3,206 11
50 3,655 11
51 2,695 12
52 2,370 11
53 2,089 8
54 1,961 7
55 1,935 6
56 5,261 15
57 661 3
58 1,138 4
59 2,468 8
60 974 4
61 416 3
62 1,307 3
63 144 1
64 622 3
65 605 2
70 418 1
76 182 1
78 322 1
Unknown 213 1

Grammatical elements

Sex
Grammatical elements Documents
Female 284,007 1,014
Male 106,286 351
Medium
Grammatical elements Documents
Written 359,007 1,281
Spoken 31,286 84
L1
Grammatical elements Documents
Arabic 0 6
English 44,843 172
Greek 0 12
Japanese 0 47
Portuguese 0 16
Spanish 345,450 1,112
L1 and medium
Grammatical elements Documents
Arabic Written 0 6
English Spoken 8,820 23
English Written 36,023 149
Greek Written 0 12
Japanese Written 0 47
Portuguese Written 0 16
Spanish Spoken 22,466 61
Spanish Written 322,984 1,051
Task title
Grammatical elements Documents
1. Region where you live 36,194 122
2. Famous person 6,384 23
3. Film 48,635 165
4. Last year holidays 27,510 90
5. Future plans 28,387 95
6. Recent trip 44,570 124
7. An experience 20,522 52
8. Terrorism 5,016 13
9. Anti-smoking law 12,171 42
10. Gay couples 20,368 57
11. Marijuana legalization 9,000 26
12. Immigration 11,967 29
13. Frog 39,200 178
14. Chaplin 80,369 349
Age
Grammatical elements Documents
14 0 1
15 3,190 10
16 1,268 4
17 2,220 8
18 12,275 49
19 18,794 89
20 21,027 91
21 37,449 137
22 21,625 81
23 21,447 77
24 19,674 59
25 18,384 57
26 19,404 59
27 17,285 49
28 12,003 34
29 8,825 28
30 12,527 45
31 7,428 26
32 11,668 36
33 8,893 31
34 8,072 27
35 8,251 25
36 3,997 12
37 5,889 22
38 5,129 18
39 4,656 16
40 9,407 29
41 2,145 12
42 5,797 22
43 5,318 18
44 4,977 16
45 6,853 21
46 2,923 13
47 2,140 9
48 4,860 18
49 3,400 11
50 3,800 11
51 2,666 12
52 2,748 11
53 2,364 8
54 2,216 7
55 1,685 6
56 6,078 15
57 520 3
58 1,294 4
59 2,367 8
60 958 4
61 484 3
62 1,484 3
63 160 1
64 740 3
65 706 2
70 0 1
76 201 1
78 387 1
Unknown 235 1